Why am I fat?
For some people it is as simple as too many calories were consumed and not enough energy was expended. For others there are other physical health problems that trigger weight gain or inhibit fat loss. Heres is a list of possibilities that we look at in our clinic:
1) Insulin Resistance, Pre-diabetes, or Diabetes Type II.
2) Certain anti-depressant medications or hormonal therapies.
3) Elevations in the stress hormone Cortisol.
4) Low thyroid function.
5) Insomnia or irregular sleeping habits.
6) Dysbiosis or imbalances in digestive function.
7) Hormonal imbalances between estrogen and progesterone.
8) Food allergies/Sensitivities.
9) Accumulated toxic burden.
10) Emotional challenges from the present or past.
11) Increased consumption of processed food.
12) Consuming fast food in any form.
The Hormone Factor: Blood Sugar, Insulin and Cortisol
Your food choices dictate the physiological effects that eating has on your body. For instance, carbohydrate-rich meals convert quickly to glucose in the blood and cause a dramatic spike in blood sugar. When blood sugars rise, so does insulin. The body secretes insulin to aid with the utilization of elevated blood sugar. But, when the amount of sugar in the blood exceeds the cellsí needs, insulin instructs the body to store the extra energy as fat. Not only does insulin increase fat storage, it also prevents release of stored fat. Historically, this physiological process helped to protect hunter/gatherer societies from starving when food was scarce.
Today, in our culture of abundance, this action advances obesity, diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure and many other health conditions. Learning to balance the types of foods you eat in a meal will affect this detrimental cascade by keeping blood sugars in a stable, healthy range and leveling insulin output. If you continue to choose foods that cause your blood sugar to rise and fall in this manner you will be unable to escape symptoms such as fatigue, irritability, headaches, difficulty concentrating and carbohydrate or sugar cravings. Fortunately, the body releases another hormone, glucagon, which opposes the activity of insulin. Glucagon is secreted when blood sugars are balanced and shifts your metabolism to burn fat.
Insulin (lowers high blood sugar)
Glucagon (balances blood sugar by lowering elevated blood sugar)
Produced when blood sugar balanced
Instructs your body to store fat and prevents release of fat
Shifts metabolism to burn fat
Removes dietary fat from blood and transports it into fat cells
Turns stored fat into blood sugar for energy use
Increases cholesterol production
Decreases the bodies production of cholesterol
Causes kidneys to retain fluid
Causes kidneys to release excess fluid